He attended high school in daix Jesuits where his father was professor of mathematics and began painting at fourteen, taking the Sainte-Victoire mountain to model his first watercolors. In 1926, André commercial breaks with his father and comes to Paris where he knows no one. To make a living, he worked as a maneuver in a construction company. In four difficult years, he did not frequent the school of fine arts but relentlessly the Louvre. He finds the Aix darius milhaud and binds also to Francis Gruber and tal coat stone.
It starts in 1932 to exhibit at the Salon d'Automne and the independent living and revolves around the \After a trip to Algeria in 1933 to Biskra, to the desert, which makes it a strong impression, he worked for several years on the shores of the Mediterranean, in Toulon, Hyères and Saint-Rémy-de-Provence. At the arrival of the popular front, the painter signac sends it to the \He then made the sets and costumes of the \In 1937, André merchant receives for the girl and the paralytic, the price paul guillaume intended to distinguish the talent of a young painter.This painting is part dune series of monochrome works where hieratic characters, unrelated, are arranged in front of the near-desert landscape in an atmosphere close to the metaphysical painting of Chirico. Marchand works in 1939 in the Pyrenees when mobilized and assigned champagne headquarters of General gamelin.
It must then pass through France in June 1940 the walk and strafed by fighter-bombers, narrowly escapes death. When he raises his head, he is dazzled by the sight of a field of poppies.
But color nenvahit his palette gradually. Demobilized and folded in Aix-en-Provence, it makes up, for example, bright red dun sky by the presence of three large black parks.
Braque congratulate merchant: \André merchant participates with beaudin, Berçot, Bertholle, boron, Coutaud, desnoyer, Gischia, LAPICQUE lasne, Lucian Lautrec, Legueult the moal, Manessier, sprocket, suzanne roger, Singier, tal coat and charles walch the twenty exposure young painters of French tradition organized in 1941 in Paris by Bazaine. Based in paris street first campaign, it is in 1943 one of the founders of the May lounge which opens for the first time in 1945 and will participate for twenty years. In 1942 Louis André square outlines merchant who stays saulieu winter 1943, making his first paintings of snow, and works in the forest of Fontainebleau. Aimé Maeght offered him in 1944 a studio in Vence and in the old canes, his command fifty lithographs for black provence and offers him in 1946 the chance to be the first artist to open his gallery Street Tehran, bet risky because merchant is still unknown to the public, but won his Arles enjoying great success and exhibitions merchant succeed worldwide.
Immediately loved maeght asked him to make a second the year following exposure. But the Parisian public, who washed considered a painter of Provence to the relentless sun, seems disoriented before the new paintings contained a complex plant world where light can only seep. In 1946 the artist sest indeed set in burgundy in the heart of the abundant vegetation dune primary forest. The exhibition is a failure. Shaken by this disavowal, merchant looking to relax in his homeland in Provence.
Jacques Latour, the museum curator Réattu Darles offers him to set up his workshop. From merchant 1949 found most of his motives in the Camargue where he observed constantly bulls and Flemish flights. In 1950 he painted Tuscan and Umbrian then engages in his series of silent lives lifes. While retrospective exhibitions of his work are presented in the Netherlands and Belgium, his paintings experiencing international success. Their rating equivalent to those of dufy and Chagall.
It is also difficult to understand when a world-famous artist could then disappear from the media scene. Marchand is a victim of his bad temper? Himself leaking contact with his fans not to waste his time that he devoted himself entirely to his pictorial research. Similarly, he refused BE professor in fine arts, BE member of the Institute and received the Legion of honor.To overcome this isolation, his relatives maintain a worldwide network of collectors of his paintings, which prevents him lépreuve new exhibits but still léloigne more public and media. This solitary life line in 1963 to embark on a semi abstract painting to make, for example, the onslaught of Mistral on Darles city.
A trip to Mexico and Guatemala in 1967 allows him to regain his taste for structured compositions with bright colors. To make all the variety of lights that he found in 1957 in belle-island-in-sea merchant, after a series of paintings made between 1959 and 1963, uses 1964 to 1972 laquarelle of which he is considered a master. Similarly, in its marine breaths he managed to make complex movements of the ocean. Marchand he was the victim of love dune wound clean?He considered in fact to install its foundation in the Reattu museum where he had worked. Learning this project, offered Picasso museum 56 designs which made it impossible dy install the foundation. Yet André merchant sétait revealed him as an outstanding artist that Matisse admired. At 90 years, a few months before his death, he showed astonishing vitality lincitait every morning to ensure the shaping of his hand by reproducing the tub of the Rhone. André merchant said, \The piece of the preferred merchant André paint themes are landscapes of Provence, the Burgundy forests (from 1946), the bulls and the Camargue flamingos, swallows and gulls arles holy married (in 1949), the architectures of Arles, before the beautiful island-in-sea-shores but also the \Arles. While his early paintings included a large number of characters, André merchant sest finally dedicated to the celebration of nature without human references. His empathy for the vegetation was such that he said he felt in the passage of the wind in the leaves of the tree that he was painting. Many of his works are in major museums of the world. In 2007 two major exhibitions were organized in Marseille and Saint-Remy de Provence. Following donations, the collection of Estrine Museum, Museum France at Saint-Remy de Provence where merchant had had the opportunity to stay, holds many important works, paintings and drawings of the artist made between 1933 and 1965.
The five bibliophile books illustrated by merchant also met in this collection. Armand Lunel, home of the painted woman, the rock editions, Monaco, 1945.Black Provence, flint editions, 1946. André Gide, terrestrial foods, salt attic editions, Paris, 1948. Julien Green, the visionary, attic salt Publishing, Paris, 1950. Raymond queneau, small portable cosmogony, lithographs dealer andré, bibliophiles francs paris 1954 access book illustrations [archive]. John Persian, bitter, bibliophiles de provence, paris, 1962. Written André merchant, \personal gallery maeght, Paris, 1947. One hundred paintings dealer André carpenter gallery, paris, 1956. André Marchard, recent works, and garnish david gallery, paris, 1958. Castle museum of Cagnes-sur-mer, 1959 gallery Saint-Germain, Paris, 1973. Artfrance Gallery, Paris, 1979.1 presidency Gallery, Paris, April-May, 1986, 1988.
Group exhibitions fair May 1957. Autumn Salon, Biennale of Venice.Critical reception \Nothing theoretical: with merchant André, painter above all, it may be that painting. A hearty painting, a young look, amazed. The artist loves life so much of nature he would return it from all sides.
It is never better than when he throat canvas plant clutter and squirted light. \Musée d'art roger-Quilliot, Clermont-Ferrand. Museum of Modern Art and Contemporary Art of cork.Musée National d'Art Moderne, Paris. He Attended secondary school at the jesuits of Aix Where His Father is a professor of mathematics and Began painting at fourteen, Taking the Sainte-Victoire mountain to model His First watercolors. In 1926, André merchant broke up with His Father and then came to paris Where he Did not Know anyone. To earn a living, he works as a laborer in a building company. During four years difficulties, he does not expect the school of fine arts tirelessly goal the Louvre. He found the Aix darius milhaud binds and, moreover, Francis Gruber and stone tal coat. He Began in 1932 to exhibit at the Salon d'Automne, Then at the of independent living and gravitates around the group \After a trip to algeria in 1933 in Biskra, near the desert, qui _him_ made a strong impression he Worked A Few years on the shores of the mediterranean, in Toulon, Hyères and Saint-Rémy-de-Provence. On the arrival of the popular front, the painter signac Sends _him_ to the \Then he compounds the sets and costume of the \In 1937, André merchant received, for the girl and the paralytic, the paul guillaume prize for distinguishing the talent of a young painter. This painting is hand of a series of monochrome works in qui unrelated hieratic characters are set in front of Almost desert landscapes, in an atmosphere close to Chirico's metaphysical painting. Marchand Worked in the pyrenees in 1939 When He Was Mobilized and assigned to champagne at the headquarters of General gamelin. Then it must cross in june 1940 and France is football, strafed by fighter bombers, narrowly escaped death. When he looks up, he is dazzled by the sight of a field of poppies. Purpose invades His color pallet only little by little. Demobilized and Withdrawn in Aix-en-Provence, it compensates, for example, the bright red of a sky by the presence of three big black parks. Braque will Congratulate merchant: \André merchant Participates with beaudin, Berçot, Bertholle, boron, Coutaud, desnoyer, Gischia, LAPICQUE lasne, Lucian Lautrec, Legueult the moal, Manessier, sprocket, suzanne roger, Singier, tal coat and charles walch at the exhibition twenty young painters of french tradition Organized in 1941 in Paris by Bazaine. Based in paris street first campaign, in 1943 He Was one of the founders of the living room ouvert qui May for the first time in 1945 and will Participate for twenty years.
In 1942, Louis André square EXHIBITED merchant, Who Was staying in saulieu During the winter of 1943, Making His First paintings of snow, and working in the forest of Fontainebleau. Aimé Maeght offert _him_ a studio in Vence in 1944 And Then in old canes, he ordered fifty lithographs for black provence and offert _him_ in 1946 the opportunity to be the first artist to open His gallery in the street of tehran, a risky bet Because merchant is still unknown to the general public, goal won: her Arles are a great success and merchant's exhibitions Succeed Reviews another one all over the world. Aime Maeght time immediately suggéré That he do a second exhibition The Following year. Aim the public parisian, Who HAD _him_ has regarded painter of Provence in the relentless sun, Seems disoriented by the new canvases qui Represent a complex plant world Where light can only infiltrate.In 1946 the artist-settled in burgundy in the heart of the lush vegetation of a primary forest. The exhibition is a failure. Shaken by this disavowal, merchant seeks to revitalize His native land in Provence. Jacques Latour, the curator of the museum in Arles Reattu, offert _him_ to install His studio there. From 1949 merchant finds MOST de son motivated in the Camargue Where he Constantly observe the bulls and flemish Flights. In 1950, he painted in tuscany and umbria And Then joined the series de son silent lives still lifes, while retrospective exhibitions de son work Were presented in the netherlands and belgium, His paintings are an international success. As for dufy and Chagall, it is difficulty to Understand under what Circumstances is world-famous artist Could later disappear from the media stage.
Is merchant victim de son bad temper? He is, Indeed, so demanding for the setting up de son exhibitions That Some gallerists find it infrequent.He himself Avoids all Contact With His admirers so as not to waste His Time, qui à son he devout Entirely pictorial research. Similarly, he refuse to be a professor at the Fine Arts, to be a member of the institute and recevoir the Legion of Honor. To Overcome this insulation around the world on His Maintain a network of collectors de son paintings, qui Avoids the testing of new exhibitions aim away from the public and the media. A trip to mexico and Guatemala in 1967 allowed _him_ to renewed taste for His brightly structured compositions. To make all the variety of lights he found in sister-island-in-sea in 1957, merchant, after-a series of paintings made entre 1959 and 1963, used from 1964 to 1972 watercolor qui he is regarded a master.
Likewise, In His navy breaths he managed to make the complex movements of the ocean. Has merchant-been the victim of a self-injury? He Was Considering setting up His foundation at the Reattu Museum Where He Had worked. Learning this project, Picasso offert to this museum 56 drawings qui made it possible to install the foundation. And yet, merchant HAD aussi Revealed himself as an exceptional draftsman That Admired Matisse.At the age of 90, A FEW months before His death, he Showed an astonishing vitality That incited _him_, every morning, to Ensure the shaping de son by hand Reproducing the ripples of the Rhone. André merchant said: \The work the favorite themes of André merchant's painting are the landscapes of Provence, the burgundy forests (from 1946), the bulls and flamingos of Camargue, the swallows of Arles and the seagulls of Saintes-Marie (to from 1949), the architectures of Arles , later the shores of beautiful-island-in-sea goal aussi the \While His First paintings included a wide number of characters, André merchant finally Devoted himself to the celebration of nature without human references.
His empathy for vegetation Was Such That he felt he felt the passing of the wind through the leaves of the tree He Was painting. Many de son works are in the MOST significant museums in the world.
In 2007 two major exhibitions Were Organized in Marseille and Saint-Remy de Provence. As a result of donations, the collection of the museum Estrine, museum of France in Saint-Remy de Provence Where merchant Had the opportunity to stay, holds Many major works, paintings and drawings of this artist made entre 1933 and 1965. The five bibliophile books illustrated by merchant sont également included in this collection.Illustration Armand Lunel, the painted woman's house, the rock editions, Monaco 1945 black provence editions flint 1946 André Gide, terrestrial foods, attic editions salt, paris 1948 Julian Green, the visionary, attic editions salt paris 1950 raymond queneau, small cell cosmogony, original lithographs by andré merchant, the bibliophiles francs paris 1954 access to illustrations in the book [archive] St john Persian, bitter, the bibliophiles of provence, paris 1962 writing andré merchant \1956. André Marchard, recent works, gallery david and garnish, paris, 1958. Gallery Artfrance, paris 1979 1. Gallery of the presidency, paris, april-may 1986 1988 Collective exhibitions May lounge, 1957.
Critical reception for the concerned composition tempers His Pantheistic impulses. Nothing theoretical: with merchant André, painter Above all, it can only be painting.
A lively painting, a young look, amazed. The artist loves the life of nature so much That he Would like to restore it in all aspects icts. He is never better than When He squeezes the web of vegetable clutter and squirts the light. Pierre Mazars 1 awards and distinctions paul guillaume prize 1937 2. Arches prize for drawing, 1952.
Museums and public collections National Museum of fine arts of algiers. Roger Quilliot art museum, Clermont-Ferrand. Museum of modern and contemporary art cork. National museum of modern art, paris. The alternative figurative or young painting.
At the end of the Second World War, the 1950s in France are characterized by the expression dinterrogations existential, the anguish of humanity dune reflections and uncertainties that discovers the expanse of Nazi the horror and disillusionment of the Cold War. This period reveals a new generation of painters matured early by the suffering and deprivation of the black years. They offer a vision of the world where the man, not the idea, is central. Half a century has passed.
The time has come to pay homage to these artists, these collectors, public and private, who have had to defend the heart of a figurative alternative to labstraction conquering. The item \The seller is \This item can be shipped to the following countries: america, europe, asia, australia.